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authorMel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>2012-01-12 17:19:43 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-01-12 20:13:09 -0800
commita6bc32b899223a877f595ef9ddc1e89ead5072b8 (patch)
treea9529f7af2cf8e77bb6670acea32169c891a2b76 /mm
parent66199712e9eef5aede09dbcd9dfff87798a66917 (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-a6bc32b899223a877f595ef9ddc1e89ead5072b8.tar.gz
mm: compaction: introduce sync-light migration for use by compaction
This patch adds a lightweight sync migrate operation MIGRATE_SYNC_LIGHT mode that avoids writing back pages to backing storage. Async compaction maps to MIGRATE_ASYNC while sync compaction maps to MIGRATE_SYNC_LIGHT. For other migrate_pages users such as memory hotplug, MIGRATE_SYNC is used. This avoids sync compaction stalling for an excessive length of time, particularly when copying files to a USB stick where there might be a large number of dirty pages backed by a filesystem that does not support ->writepages. [aarcange@redhat.com: This patch is heavily based on Andrea's work] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix fs/nfs/write.c build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix fs/btrfs/disk-io.c build] Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Andy Isaacson <adi@hexapodia.org> Cc: Nai Xia <nai.xia@gmail.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
-rw-r--r--mm/compaction.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/memory-failure.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/memory_hotplug.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/mempolicy.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/migrate.c78
5 files changed, 47 insertions, 39 deletions
diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
index fb291585e1b..71a58f67f48 100644
--- a/mm/compaction.c
+++ b/mm/compaction.c
@@ -557,7 +557,7 @@ static int compact_zone(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc)
nr_migrate = cc->nr_migratepages;
err = migrate_pages(&cc->migratepages, compaction_alloc,
(unsigned long)cc, false,
- cc->sync);
+ cc->sync ? MIGRATE_SYNC_LIGHT : MIGRATE_ASYNC);
update_nr_listpages(cc);
nr_remaining = cc->nr_migratepages;
diff --git a/mm/memory-failure.c b/mm/memory-failure.c
index 06d3479513a..56080ea3614 100644
--- a/mm/memory-failure.c
+++ b/mm/memory-failure.c
@@ -1557,7 +1557,7 @@ int soft_offline_page(struct page *page, int flags)
page_is_file_cache(page));
list_add(&page->lru, &pagelist);
ret = migrate_pages(&pagelist, new_page, MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL,
- 0, true);
+ 0, MIGRATE_SYNC);
if (ret) {
putback_lru_pages(&pagelist);
pr_info("soft offline: %#lx: migration failed %d, type %lx\n",
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index 2168489c0bc..6629fafd6ce 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -809,7 +809,7 @@ do_migrate_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
}
/* this function returns # of failed pages */
ret = migrate_pages(&source, hotremove_migrate_alloc, 0,
- true, true);
+ true, MIGRATE_SYNC);
if (ret)
putback_lru_pages(&source);
}
diff --git a/mm/mempolicy.c b/mm/mempolicy.c
index e3d58f08846..06b145fb64a 100644
--- a/mm/mempolicy.c
+++ b/mm/mempolicy.c
@@ -942,7 +942,7 @@ static int migrate_to_node(struct mm_struct *mm, int source, int dest,
if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) {
err = migrate_pages(&pagelist, new_node_page, dest,
- false, true);
+ false, MIGRATE_SYNC);
if (err)
putback_lru_pages(&pagelist);
}
diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
index 4e86f3bacb8..9871a56d82c 100644
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -218,12 +218,13 @@ out:
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
/* Returns true if all buffers are successfully locked */
-static bool buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(struct buffer_head *head, bool sync)
+static bool buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(struct buffer_head *head,
+ enum migrate_mode mode)
{
struct buffer_head *bh = head;
/* Simple case, sync compaction */
- if (sync) {
+ if (mode != MIGRATE_ASYNC) {
do {
get_bh(bh);
lock_buffer(bh);
@@ -259,7 +260,7 @@ static bool buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(struct buffer_head *head, bool sync)
}
#else
static inline bool buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(struct buffer_head *head,
- bool sync)
+ enum migrate_mode mode)
{
return true;
}
@@ -275,7 +276,7 @@ static inline bool buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(struct buffer_head *head,
*/
static int migrate_page_move_mapping(struct address_space *mapping,
struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
- struct buffer_head *head, bool sync)
+ struct buffer_head *head, enum migrate_mode mode)
{
int expected_count;
void **pslot;
@@ -311,7 +312,8 @@ static int migrate_page_move_mapping(struct address_space *mapping,
* the mapping back due to an elevated page count, we would have to
* block waiting on other references to be dropped.
*/
- if (!sync && head && !buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(head, sync)) {
+ if (mode == MIGRATE_ASYNC && head &&
+ !buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(head, mode)) {
page_unfreeze_refs(page, expected_count);
spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
return -EAGAIN;
@@ -472,13 +474,14 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(fail_migrate_page);
* Pages are locked upon entry and exit.
*/
int migrate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
- struct page *newpage, struct page *page, bool sync)
+ struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
+ enum migrate_mode mode)
{
int rc;
BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page)); /* Writeback must be complete */
- rc = migrate_page_move_mapping(mapping, newpage, page, NULL, sync);
+ rc = migrate_page_move_mapping(mapping, newpage, page, NULL, mode);
if (rc)
return rc;
@@ -495,17 +498,17 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(migrate_page);
* exist.
*/
int buffer_migrate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
- struct page *newpage, struct page *page, bool sync)
+ struct page *newpage, struct page *page, enum migrate_mode mode)
{
struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
int rc;
if (!page_has_buffers(page))
- return migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, sync);
+ return migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, mode);
head = page_buffers(page);
- rc = migrate_page_move_mapping(mapping, newpage, page, head, sync);
+ rc = migrate_page_move_mapping(mapping, newpage, page, head, mode);
if (rc)
return rc;
@@ -515,8 +518,8 @@ int buffer_migrate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
* with an IRQ-safe spinlock held. In the sync case, the buffers
* need to be locked now
*/
- if (sync)
- BUG_ON(!buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(head, sync));
+ if (mode != MIGRATE_ASYNC)
+ BUG_ON(!buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(head, mode));
ClearPagePrivate(page);
set_page_private(newpage, page_private(page));
@@ -593,10 +596,11 @@ static int writeout(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
* Default handling if a filesystem does not provide a migration function.
*/
static int fallback_migrate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
- struct page *newpage, struct page *page, bool sync)
+ struct page *newpage, struct page *page, enum migrate_mode mode)
{
if (PageDirty(page)) {
- if (!sync)
+ /* Only writeback pages in full synchronous migration */
+ if (mode != MIGRATE_SYNC)
return -EBUSY;
return writeout(mapping, page);
}
@@ -609,7 +613,7 @@ static int fallback_migrate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
!try_to_release_page(page, GFP_KERNEL))
return -EAGAIN;
- return migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, sync);
+ return migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, mode);
}
/*
@@ -624,7 +628,7 @@ static int fallback_migrate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
* == 0 - success
*/
static int move_to_new_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
- int remap_swapcache, bool sync)
+ int remap_swapcache, enum migrate_mode mode)
{
struct address_space *mapping;
int rc;
@@ -645,7 +649,7 @@ static int move_to_new_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
mapping = page_mapping(page);
if (!mapping)
- rc = migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, sync);
+ rc = migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, mode);
else if (mapping->a_ops->migratepage)
/*
* Most pages have a mapping and most filesystems provide a
@@ -654,9 +658,9 @@ static int move_to_new_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
* is the most common path for page migration.
*/
rc = mapping->a_ops->migratepage(mapping,
- newpage, page, sync);
+ newpage, page, mode);
else
- rc = fallback_migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, sync);
+ rc = fallback_migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page, mode);
if (rc) {
newpage->mapping = NULL;
@@ -671,7 +675,7 @@ static int move_to_new_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
}
static int __unmap_and_move(struct page *page, struct page *newpage,
- int force, bool offlining, bool sync)
+ int force, bool offlining, enum migrate_mode mode)
{
int rc = -EAGAIN;
int remap_swapcache = 1;
@@ -680,7 +684,7 @@ static int __unmap_and_move(struct page *page, struct page *newpage,
struct anon_vma *anon_vma = NULL;
if (!trylock_page(page)) {
- if (!force || !sync)
+ if (!force || mode == MIGRATE_ASYNC)
goto out;
/*
@@ -726,10 +730,12 @@ static int __unmap_and_move(struct page *page, struct page *newpage,
if (PageWriteback(page)) {
/*
- * For !sync, there is no point retrying as the retry loop
- * is expected to be too short for PageWriteback to be cleared
+ * Only in the case of a full syncronous migration is it
+ * necessary to wait for PageWriteback. In the async case,
+ * the retry loop is too short and in the sync-light case,
+ * the overhead of stalling is too much
*/
- if (!sync) {
+ if (mode != MIGRATE_SYNC) {
rc = -EBUSY;
goto uncharge;
}
@@ -800,7 +806,7 @@ static int __unmap_and_move(struct page *page, struct page *newpage,
skip_unmap:
if (!page_mapped(page))
- rc = move_to_new_page(newpage, page, remap_swapcache, sync);
+ rc = move_to_new_page(newpage, page, remap_swapcache, mode);
if (rc && remap_swapcache)
remove_migration_ptes(page, page);
@@ -823,7 +829,8 @@ out:
* to the newly allocated page in newpage.
*/
static int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get_new_page, unsigned long private,
- struct page *page, int force, bool offlining, bool sync)
+ struct page *page, int force, bool offlining,
+ enum migrate_mode mode)
{
int rc = 0;
int *result = NULL;
@@ -843,7 +850,7 @@ static int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get_new_page, unsigned long private,
if (unlikely(split_huge_page(page)))
goto out;
- rc = __unmap_and_move(page, newpage, force, offlining, sync);
+ rc = __unmap_and_move(page, newpage, force, offlining, mode);
out:
if (rc != -EAGAIN) {
/*
@@ -891,7 +898,8 @@ out:
*/
static int unmap_and_move_huge_page(new_page_t get_new_page,
unsigned long private, struct page *hpage,
- int force, bool offlining, bool sync)
+ int force, bool offlining,
+ enum migrate_mode mode)
{
int rc = 0;
int *result = NULL;
@@ -904,7 +912,7 @@ static int unmap_and_move_huge_page(new_page_t get_new_page,
rc = -EAGAIN;
if (!trylock_page(hpage)) {
- if (!force || !sync)
+ if (!force || mode != MIGRATE_SYNC)
goto out;
lock_page(hpage);
}
@@ -915,7 +923,7 @@ static int unmap_and_move_huge_page(new_page_t get_new_page,
try_to_unmap(hpage, TTU_MIGRATION|TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK|TTU_IGNORE_ACCESS);
if (!page_mapped(hpage))
- rc = move_to_new_page(new_hpage, hpage, 1, sync);
+ rc = move_to_new_page(new_hpage, hpage, 1, mode);
if (rc)
remove_migration_ptes(hpage, hpage);
@@ -958,7 +966,7 @@ out:
*/
int migrate_pages(struct list_head *from,
new_page_t get_new_page, unsigned long private, bool offlining,
- bool sync)
+ enum migrate_mode mode)
{
int retry = 1;
int nr_failed = 0;
@@ -979,7 +987,7 @@ int migrate_pages(struct list_head *from,
rc = unmap_and_move(get_new_page, private,
page, pass > 2, offlining,
- sync);
+ mode);
switch(rc) {
case -ENOMEM:
@@ -1009,7 +1017,7 @@ out:
int migrate_huge_pages(struct list_head *from,
new_page_t get_new_page, unsigned long private, bool offlining,
- bool sync)
+ enum migrate_mode mode)
{
int retry = 1;
int nr_failed = 0;
@@ -1026,7 +1034,7 @@ int migrate_huge_pages(struct list_head *from,
rc = unmap_and_move_huge_page(get_new_page,
private, page, pass > 2, offlining,
- sync);
+ mode);
switch(rc) {
case -ENOMEM:
@@ -1155,7 +1163,7 @@ set_status:
err = 0;
if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) {
err = migrate_pages(&pagelist, new_page_node,
- (unsigned long)pm, 0, true);
+ (unsigned long)pm, 0, MIGRATE_SYNC);
if (err)
putback_lru_pages(&pagelist);
}